I went to the local Flea Market today, as I’m apt to do most weekends, and came away with a Stanley #5 jack plane. Hand Planes (not a planer) are tools for working wood. They work by holding a sharpened blade at a fixed angle to the surface which removes material when moved over the surface. There are planes that can range from rough hogging all the way to final smoothing while other planes can cut contours, rabbits, and dadoes. They come in all shapes an sizes with the Stanley planes having a unique number for each model. Other makers have different numberings though.
This one has a couple of issues but nothing I can’t fix. Using a Plane Dating Flowchart I was able to identify the plane as a Type 13 made between 1925-1928. I have another Stanley #5 that is a Type 19 made between 1948-1961. I picked up the Type 19 about 3 to 4 years ago and have been using is successfully since then. Here’s a labeled picture of my Type 19. I’ll go in to what these parts do in a post in the future but want to name them here so when I say a certain part is broke you’ll know what I mean.
A – Knob B-Lever Cap C-Lateral Adjustment Lever D-Body E-Chip Breaker F-Depth Adjustment Knob G-Iron or Blade H-Tote
Back to the plane I bought today… Here’s some pictures.
If you’ve been paying attention you’ve probably noticed that the top of the tote is a little different than on my Type 19. At some point the top of the tote was broken. Given the shape this isn’t too surprising. It’s still in usable condition though I’ll probably keep an eye out for another.
Here’s another problem. The iron (blade) is incorrect for this plane. The iron should be as wide as the chip breaker. This iron is from a smaller Miller Falls plane. If you looks closely at the top of the iron you can make out the Miller Falls markings. Also, the hex head bolt is incorrect. There should be a slotted screw called a Cap Screw but it is missing. It’s insignificant, but the iron is also upside down.
Below is a picture of the iron, chip breaker, and cap screw from my Type 19 for comparison.
Here are another picture of the Type 13 with the blade assembly removed. The piece mounted to body the the iron assembly rides on is called the Frog (for some reason). You can also see how the lateral adjustment lever works in this picture. The button on the lever fits in the slot of the blade and allows it to be adjusted.
Here’s a picture of the back of the frog showing the depth adjustment knob. You can also see the “US PAT APR-19-10” lettering.
Expect to see these two and others in future posts!